Proteome Science: Bayesian non-negative factor analysis for reconstructing transcription factor mediated regulatory networks
Jia Meng, Jianqiu (Michelle) Zhang, Yidong Chen & Yufei Huang
Transcriptional regulation by a transcription factor (TF) controls the time and abundance of mRNA transcription. Due to the limitation of current proteomics technologies, large scale measurements of protein level activities of TFs is usually infeasible, making computational reconstruction of the transcriptional regulatory network a difficult task.
We proposed here a novel Bayesian non-negative factor model for TF mediated regulatory networks. Particularly, the non-negative TF activities and sample clustering effect are modeled as the factors from a Dirichlet process mixture of rectified Gaussian distributions, and the sparse regulatory coefficients are modeled as the loadings from a sparse distribution that constrains its sparsity using knowledge from the database; meantime, a Gibbs sampling solution was developed to infer the underlying network structure and the unknown TF activities simultaneously. The developed approach has been applied to simulated system and breast cancer gene expression data. The result shows that the proposed method was able to systematically uncover TF mediated transcriptional regulatory network structure, the regulatory coefficients, the TF protein level activities, and the sample clustering effect. The regulation target prediction result is highly coordinated with the prior knowledge, and the sample clustering result shows superior performance over the previous molecular-based clustering method.
The results demonstrated the validity and effectiveness of the proposed approach in reconstructing transcriptional networks mediated by TFs through simulated systems and real data.