CRISPR – Journal: CRISPR-Based Editing Reveals Edge-Specific Effects in Biological Networks
Unraveling the properties of biological networks is central to understanding both normal and disease cellular phenotypes. Networks consist of functional elements (nodes) that form a variety of diverse connections (edges), with each node being a hub for multiple edges. Herein, in contrast to node-centric network perturbation and analysis approaches, we present a high-throughput CRISPR-based methodology for delineating the role of network edges. Ablation of network edges using a library targeting 93 miRNA target sites in 71 genes reveals numerous edges that control, with variable importance, cellular growth and survival under stress. To compare the impact of removing nodes versus edges in a biological network, we dissect a specific p53-microRNA pathway. We show that removal of the miR-34a target site from the anti-apoptotic gene BCL2 desensitizes the cell to ectopic delivery of miR-34a in a p53-dependent manner. In summary, we demonstrate that network edges are critical to the function and stability of biological networks. Our results introduce a novel genetic screening opportunity via edge ablation and highlight a new dimension in biological network analysis.