Cell Death & Disease: Global profiling reveals common and distinct N6-methyladenosine (m6A) regulation of innate immune responses during bacterial and viral infections (Lai & Chen Labs)

N6-methyladenosine (m6A) is a dynamic post-transcriptional RNA modification influencing all aspects of mRNA biology. While m6A modifications during numerous viral infections have been described, the role of m6A in innate immune response remains unclear. Here, we examined cellular m6A epitranscriptomes during infections of Pseudomonas aeruginosa and herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1), and lipopolysaccharide (LPS) stimulation to identify m6A-regulated innate immune response genes. We showed that a significant portion of cellular genes including many innate immune response genes underwent m6A modifications in 5’UTR and 3’UTR. We identified common and distinct m6A-modified genes under different stimulating conditions. Significantly, the expression of a subset of innate immune response genes was positively correlated with m6A level. Importantly, we identified genes that had significant enrichments of m6A peaks during P. aeruginosa infection following knockdown of m6A “eraser” ALKBH5, confirming the regulation of these genes by m6A and ALKBH5. Among them, we confirmed the association of m6A modification with gene expression in immune response genes TNFAIP3, IFIT1, IFIT2, and IFIH1. Taken together, our results revealed the vital role of m6A in regulating innate immunity against bacterial and viral infections. These works also provided rich resources for the scientific community.

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Article Categories: Research Paper