Embro Reports: Loss of BRD4 induces cell senescence in HSC/HPCs by deregulating histone H3 clipping (Chen)
Bromodomain-containing protein 4 (BRD4) is overexpressed and functionally implicated in various myeloid malignancies. However, the role of BRD4 in normal hematopoiesis remains largely unknown. Here, utilizing an inducible Brd4 knockout mouse model, we find that deletion of Brd4 (Brd4Δ/Δ) in the hematopoietic system impairs hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) self-renewal and differentiation, which associates with cell cycle arrest and senescence. ATAC-seq analysis shows increased chromatin accessibility in Brd4Δ/Δ hematopoietic stem/progenitor cells (HSC/HPCs). Genome-wide mapping with cleavage under target and release using nuclease (CUT&RUN) assays demonstrate that increased global enrichment of H3K122ac and H3K4me3 in Brd4Δ/Δ HSC/HPCs is associated with the upregulation of senescence-specific genes. Interestingly, Brd4 deletion increases clipped H3 (cH3), which correlates with the upregulation of senescence-specific genes and results in a higher frequency of senescent HSC/HPCs. Re-expression of BRD4 reduces cH3 levels and rescues the senescence rate in Brd4Δ/Δ HSC/HPCs. This study unveils the important role of BRD4 in HSC/HPC function by preventing H3 clipping and suppressing senescence gene expression.
Since 2004, UT Health San Antonio, Greehey Children’s Cancer Research Institute’s (Greehey CCRI) mission has been to advance scientific knowledge relevant to childhood cancer, contribute to understanding its causes, and accelerate the translation of knowledge into novel therapies. Greehey CCRI strives to have a national and global impact on childhood cancer by discovering, developing, and disseminating new scientific knowledge. Our mission consists of three key areas — research, clinical, and education.