eLife: SERBP1 interacts with PARP1 and is Present in PARylation-Dependent Protein Complexes Regulating Splicing, Cell Division, and Ribosome Biogenesis (Penalva, Libich, et al)

Kira Breunig
Xiufen Lei
Mauro Montalbano
Gabriela D. A. Guardia
Shiva Ostadrahimi
Victoria Alers
Adam Kosti
Jennifer Chiou
Nicole Klein
Corina Vinarov
Lily Wang
Mujia Li
Weidan Song
W. Lee Kraus
David S. Libich
Stefano Tiziani
Susan T. Weintraub
Pedro A. F. Galante
Luiz O. F. Penalva

Abstract

RNA binding proteins (RBPs) containing intrinsically disordered regions (IDRs) are present in diverse molecular complexes where they function as dynamic regulators. Their characteristics promote liquid-liquid phase separation (LLPS) and the formation of membrane-less organelles such as stress granules and nucleoli. IDR-RBPs are particularly relevant in the nervous system, and their dysfunction is associated with neurodegenerative diseases and brain tumor development. SERBP1 is a unique member of this group, being mostly disordered and lacking canonical RNA-binding domains. Using a proteomics approach followed by functional analysis, we defined SERBP1’s interactome. We uncovered novel SERBP1 roles in splicing, cell division, and ribosomal biogenesis and showed its participation in pathological stress granules and Tau aggregates in Alzheimer’s disease brains. SERBP1 preferentially interacts with other G-quadruplex (G4) binders, implicated in different stages of gene expression, suggesting that G4 binding is a critical component of SERBP1 function in different settings. Similarly, we identified important associations between SERBP1 and PARP1/polyADP-ribosylation (PARylation). SERBP1 interacts with PARP1 and its associated factors and influences PARylation. Moreover, protein complexes in which SERBP1 participates contain mostly PARylated proteins and PAR binders. Based on these results, we propose a feedback regulatory model in which SERBP1 influences PARP1 function and PARylation, while PARylation modulates SERBP1 functions and participation in regulatory complexes.

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Article Categories: Research Paper

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